The Dances at their Great Feasts

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-37992 Annotation: This engraving shows native youths shooting arrows, throwing balls at target placed atop tall pole, and running races. Year: 1591

Champlain Exploring the Canadian Wilderness

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-3019 Annotation: This print shows Samuel de Champlain and two companions looking at a river as Indians carry the canoes to the shore. Born in the small Atlantic port of Brouage around 1580 to a Protestant family (although he became a Catholic), Samuel de Champlain fought in Henri IV’s army…

Pocahontas (Reproduction of 1616 Original)

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-D416-18753 Annotation: This image is taken from a painting made of the Native American woman popularly known as Pocahontas, from a painting by William Sheppard. The portrait is dated 1616, coinciding with her only voyage to England in June of that year. The image is one of two strikingly similar…

Exercises of the Youths

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-37992 Annotation: This engraving shows native youths shooting arrows, throwing balls at target placed atop tall pole, and running races. Year: 1591

The First Americans

George Washington’s Diary

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: diary-image Museum Number: Annotation: Both a manuscript and a printed book, George Washington’s 1762 almanac records activities at his Mount Vernon plantation. He describes mainly planting tobacco and raising cattle and sheep, although finance and slaves are also mentioned. Washington kept a diary from 1747, when he was a teen aged surveyor,…

Captain John Smith

Credit: Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities. Media type: painting Museum Number: Year: 1616

The Mason Children: David, Joanna, Abigail

Credit: Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Painted in 1670, this rare painting is one of only about 35 paintings that exist today that reflect the New England settlement after the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock in Massachusetts. Year: 1670

Title Pg, 2nd Part Saducismus Triumphatus: Or Full and Plain Evidence Concerning Witches and Apparitions

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: 11015941 Annotation: Fearing that a decline in the belief of malevolent spirits and witches which were believed to plague humanity would lead to the ultimate demise of Christianity, English clergyman and philosopher Joseph Glanville wrote the Saducismus Triumphatus as an attempt to prove the existence of the supernatural by scientific…

Death of Columbus, 1502

Credit: Architect of the Capitol Media type: doors Museum Number: Annotation: The Columbus Doors that stand at the east entrance of the U.S. Capitol Rotunda are an imposing sight. They stand nearly 17 feet tall and weigh 20,000 pounds. The artist was Randolph Roger, and his alto-relief bronze doors make a powerful statement about not only their subject,…

Colonial Era

U.S. Constitution

Media type: miscellaneous-image Annotation: The United States Constitution ratified September 17, 1787. Year: 1787

The Statue of Freedom

Credit: Architect of the Capitol Media type: statue Museum Number: Annotation: The bronze Statue of Freedom by Thomas Crawford is the crowning feature of the dome of the United States Capitol. The statue is a classical female figure of Freedom wearing flowing draperies. Her right hand rests upon the hilt of a sheathed sword; her left holds a…

The Eliakim Hayden Stone

Credit: Wesleyan University Press Media type: gravestone Museum Number: Annotation: Eliakam Hayden grave in Essex, CT, 1797 Year: 1797

Early National Period

Gold Mining in California

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZC2-1755 Annotation: This lithograph shows miners shoveling sand from stream into sluice while one miner pans for gold in the same stream, small building and mountains in the background. The gold rush was over when this lithograp was published in 1871. On January 24, 1848, less than 10 days before…

Dancing For Eels

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: painting Museum Number: LC-USZC4-4542 Annotation: Scene from a Play Year: 1848

The First Step from Godey’s Lady’s Book

Credit: Hope Greenberg, University of Vermont Media type: engraving Museum Number: Annotation: An engraving showing a child taking his/her first steps. Godey’s Lady’s Book enjoyed tremendous popularity in the 19th century as a monthly periodical intended primarily for women. Each issue featured articles on ladies fashion, images of engraved artwork, and poetry by prominent artists of the period….

Pre-Civil War

Declaration of the Anti-Slavery Convention

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: broadside Museum Number: Portfolio 153, Folder 26 Annotation: Sixty abolitionist leaders from ten states met in Philadelphia in 1833 to create a national organization to bring about the immediate emancipation of all slaves. This organization was named the American Anti-slavery Society, and the participants elected officers and adopted a constitution and declaration. ,…

Plantation Economy in the Old South

Credit: The Warner Collection of Gulf States Paper Corporation, Tuscaloosa, Alabama Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Plantation Life Year: 1876

9 Facts About Slavery You Won’t Learn In School

Human slavery is as old as time. It is still practiced today in many variant forms in countries all across the globe, including the United States. In this age of political correctness, some of these facts reveal inconvenient truths. I’ve listed a few sources I used for this article, and invite anyone who has an…

$150 Reward For Runaway

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: advertisement Museum Number: Portfolio 22, Folder 12b Annotation: Advertisement run in Kentucky newspaper ofering up to a $150 reward for the return of a runaway slave named Henry May. Even with the passage of fugitive slave legislature in the mid 19th century and the persistant use of “slave catchers”, advertisements offering rewards for…

Slavery in America

Group of Contrabands

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: photograph Museum Number: LC-B8171-0383 Year: 1862

Rather Die Freemen Than Live To Be Slaves–3rd United States Colored Troops

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-23098 Annotation: The 3rd United States Colored Infantry Regiment was the first regiment to be formed in 1863 in compliance with Abraham Lincoln’s executive order known as the Emancipation Proclamation which allowed African-Americans, including freed slaves, to join the Union army. Consisting of 11 regiments and two companies of infantry…